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A teacher is someone who provides education to people (children or adults). The role of the teacher is generally formal and is usually carried out at a school. Teachers facilitate student learning by creating a lesson plan which falls in line with the school board curriculum. Teachers provide instruction in a wide range of fields, including the arts, literacy and numeracy, religion and vocational training.


teacher cIf you think you want to become a teacher, you need to attend a teacher’s college. The University of Georgia ( and University of Wisconsin ( offer two of the best teaching programs in the country. You need to decide what age group you want to teach. If you want to teach secondary school, you need to have two majors, or at least one major and a minor. If you want to teach elementary school, you generally only need one major, but have to specialize in lower, middle, or upper grades. You also need to acquire your teacher’s certification or license. You may be required to take a state exam; although your college will be able to help you through the process. Each state has its own process, and you need to pass an exam in each state you want to teach in. It is important to know the laws of the No Child Left Behind Act. This act requires you to have a Bachelor’s degree in education while demonstrating proficiency in a core content area. You are required to have 45 hours in the content area you wish to teach in. If you do not have the required 45 hours, you will need to pass a test to demonstrate your proficiency or may be required to take more schooling.

Job Description

As a teacher, you will have a variety of duties to perform on a daily basis, including:

  • Establishing and communicating clear objectives for each learning activity
  • Provide a selection of resources and learning materials that can be used to assist in educational activities
  • Select different instructional methods and resources to meet each student’s needs
  • Instruct students in the use of learning equipment and materials while monitoring them and aiding when necessary
  • Observe each student’s performance and development while evaluating them
  • Assign class work, tests, homework and assignments, and grade each while providing feedback and constructive criticism to each student
  • Continuously update all necessary records as required by school regulations
  • Enforce classroom and school rules to manage student behaviour
  • Support students and counsel those students who are having academic or behaviour problems while still providing encouragement
  • Participate in parent meetings as well as department and school meetings


Pros & Cons

teacher aTeachers have excellent health insurance and in most states have a reliable pension. Teachers work a fairly predictable schedule, although there may be times where they are required to stay after school to help a student or assist with a sports team. It is also a relatively stable position. You can be creative in your work environment; it is your classroom and you can decorate it as you choose. Teachers also get summers and holidays off, although many choose to teach summer school or work a summer job to earn extra income. Teachers have the ability to impact their students’ lives, and help shape them into the people they will become. Some students can be difficult to connect with however, which can be challenging. Parents can be difficult to deal with at times. Although many parents support teachers, some do not respond well to criticism of their child’s achievements, behaviour or poor grades. Other teachers in the school or principals may be difficult to work with, which can cause a stressful work environment.